Upsun User Documentation

Network Storage

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The Network Storage service enables a new kind of mount that refers to a shared service rather than to a local directory. This service allows you to store data and share it between different apps.

Supported versions Anchor to this heading

You can select the major and minor version.

Patch versions are applied periodically for bug fixes and the like. When you deploy your app, you always get the latest available patches.

  • 2.0

This service is the Upsun network storage implementation, not the version of a third-party application.

Deprecated versions Anchor to this heading

The following versions are deprecated. They’re available, but they aren’t receiving security updates from upstream and aren’t guaranteed to work. They’ll be removed in the future, so migrate to one of the supported versions.

  • 1.0

Usage example Anchor to this heading

1. Configure the service Anchor to this heading

To define the service, use the network-storage type:

.upsun/config.yaml
services:
    # The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
    <SERVICE_NAME>:
        type: network-storage:<VERSION>

<SERVICE_NAME> must be RFC 1123 compliant, and as such it must:

  • Contain at most 63 characters
  • Contain only lowercase alphanumeric characters or - (underscores _ are not allowed)
  • Start with an alphanumeric character
  • End with an alphanumeric character

This is due to the fact that <SERVICE_NAME> is used as hostname for the network storage.

Note that changing the name of the service replaces it with a brand new service and all existing data is lost. Back up your data before changing the service.

2. Add the relationship Anchor to this heading

To define the relationship, use the following configuration:

.upsun/config.yaml
applications:
    # The name of the app container. Must be unique within a project.
    <APP_NAME>:
       mounts:
            '<TARGET_PATH>':
                source: service
                service: <SERVICE_NAME>
                source_path: <SOURCE_PATH>

services:
    # The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
    <SERVICE_NAME>:
        type: network-storage:<VERSION>
  • <MOUNT_PATH> is the path to your mount within the app container (relative to the app’s root).
  • <SERVICE_NAME> is the name you defined in step 1.
  • <SOURCE_PATH> specifies where the mount points inside the service.
    If the source_path is an empty string (""), your mount points to the entire service.
    If you don’t define a source_path, Upsun uses the MOUNT_PATH as default value, without leading or trailing slashes. For example, if your mount lives in the /my/files/ directory within your app container, it will point to a my/files directory within the service.

Example Configuration Anchor to this heading

App and Service configuration Anchor to this heading

.upsun/config.yaml
applications:
    # The name of the app container. Must be unique within a project.
    myapp:
       mounts:
            'my/files':
                source: service
                service: files
                source_path: files

services:
    # The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
    network-storage:
        type: network-storage:2.0

Multi-application usage Anchor to this heading

If your project contains multiple apps, they may share storage mounts.

Alternatively, they may use shared service mounts. If the source_path is the same for both apps, the files are shared between the two applications even if the mount location is different.

It’s also possible to have one app mount a source_path that’s a subdirectory of another application’s mount. For example:

.upsun/config.yaml
applications:
    # The name of the app container. Must be unique within a project.
    app1:
        # The location of the application's code.
        source:
            root: "app1"
        
        [...]

        mounts:
            'web/uploads':
                source: service
                service: files
                source_path: uploads

    # The name of the app container. Must be unique within a project.
    app2:
        # The location of the application's code.
        source:
            root: "app2"
        
        [...]

        mounts:
            'process':
                source: service
                service: files
                source_path: uploads/incoming
            'done':
                source: service
                service: files
                source_path: uploads/done

In this example, app1 has access to the entire uploads directory by writing to web/uploads. app2 has two mounts that it can write to: process and done. The process mount refers to the same directory as the web/uploads/incoming directory does on app1, and the done mount refers to the same directory as the web/uploads/done directory on app1.

How do I give my workers access to my main application’s files? Anchor to this heading

If you need to use a worker with access to the same file mount as your web-serving app, define all the necessary mounts as service mounts.

The following example assumes a Network Storage service named files has been defined in .upsun/config.yaml. Drupal files directories are shared between the web and worker instances, while the Drush backup directory is unique to the web instance.

.upsun/config.yaml
applications:
    myapp:

        source:
            root: "/"

        type: "php:8.3"

        relationships:
            mariadb:

        [...]

        mounts:
            # The public and private files directories are
            # network mounts shared by web and workers.
            'web/sites/default/files':
                source: service
                service: files
                source_path: files
            'private':
                source: service
                service: files
                source_path: private
            # The backup, temp, and cache directories for
            # Drupal's CLI tools don't need to be shared between web and workers.
            # It wouldn't hurt anything to make them network
            # shares, however.
            '/.drush':
                source: storage
                source_path: drush
            'tmp':
                source: tmp
                source_path: tmp
            'drush-backups':
                source: storage
                source_path: drush-backups
            '/.console':
                source: storage
                source_path: console

        # Crons run on the web container, so they have the
        # same mounts as the web container.
        crons:
            drupal:
                spec: '*/20 * * * *'
                commands:
                    start: 'cd web ; drush core-cron'

        # The worker defined here also has the same 6 mounts;
        # 2 of them are shared with the web container,
        # the other 4 are local to the worker.
        workers:
            queue:
                commands:
                    start: |
                        cd web && drush queue-run myqueue                        

How can I migrate data from a storage mount to a service mount? Anchor to this heading

Network Storage service mounts can be shared between different apps, while storage mounts can only be shared between different instances of the same app. To move data from a storage mount to a service one, follow these instructions.

Assuming you have the following storage mount:

.upsun/config.yaml
applications:
    myapp:

        [...]

        mounts:
            web/uploads:
                source: storage
                source_path: uploads
  1. Add a new network-storage service to your configuration:

    .upsun/config.yaml
     applications:
         myapp:
    
             [...]
    
             mounts:
                 web/uploads:
                     source: storage
                     source_path: uploads
    
     services:
         # The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
         network-storage:
             type: network-storage:2.0
  2. Add a new service mount, named new-uploads:

    .upsun/config.yaml
     applications:
         myapp:
    
             [...]
    
             mounts:
                 web/uploads:
                     source: storage
                     source_path: uploads
                 new-uploads:
                     source: service
                     service: files
                     source_path: uploads
    
     services:
         # The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
         network-storage:
             type: network-storage:2.0

    Note that each mount is on a different storage service, which is why they can have the same source_path.

  3. Deploy your changes.

  4. Copy all your files from the storage (web/uploads) mount to the service (new-uploads) mount using rsync:

    rsync -avz web/uploads/* new-uploads/
  5. Reverse the mounts. To do so, rename the storage mount to old-uploads, and point the web/uploads directory to the service mount:

    .upsun/config.yaml
     applications:
         myapp:
    
             [...]
    
             mounts:
                 old-uploads:
                     source: storage
                     source_path: uploads
                 web/uploads:
                     source: service
                     service: files
                     source_path: uploads
    
     services:
         # The name of the service container. Must be unique within a project.
         network-storage:
             type: network-storage:2.0
  6. Push your changes and check that the files are now accessible from the service mount (now named web/uploads). To check that no files were lost during the transfer, run the following command:

    rsync -avz old-uploads/* web/uploads/
  7. Delete the contents of the old-uploads storage mount before removing it.

  8. Push your changes again.

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